Easter Island covers approximately 64 square miles in the South Pacific Ocean, positioned 2,300 miles from Chile’s west coast and 2,500 miles east of Tahiti. Referred to as Rapa Nui to its original dwellers, the island was christened Easter Island, by Dutch adventure seekers in recognition of their arrival. It was annexed by Chile in the later part of the 19th century and currently maintains an economy primarily based on tourism. Easter Island’s most spectacular claim to fame is a cluster of almost 900 huge stone figures that date back several thousands of years.
You will discover countless Moai spread all through the island. The perfect places to appreciate are the ahus or the Rano Raraku volcano. Each and every statue was not similar to the others and had unique features that made it easy to recognize it with the ancestor it symbolized. Each had a name and typically were painted they also had a specified gender. The dimensions and style of the statues of Easter Island emerged dramatically over the years. The smaller and more ancient statues are much the same as the Tiki of the Marquesas and are about 1 meter high; the larger ones are 21.65 m and weigh about one hundred eighty tons.
It is difficult to split the moai from the ahu. There are actually 272 ahu in the island, but only tens of those altars spread around Rapa Nui held a statue. The majority of them were made close to the sea, but in addition there are 25 fairly big ahu in the innermost part of the island. Essentially, an ahu could possibly have a first life, then with time and after wars, it might be damaged so as to reuse the stones and statues and make another ahu. In the beginning, these ceremonial setups were never to go over a length of 20 meters, yet all through the Easter Island’s history, some ahu were over one hundred meters long and retained above 10 statues from various periods.
The Tongariki ahu
Among all others ahu in Easter Island, the most renowned one is definitely Tongariki, which has 15 statues situated near the Rano Raraku quarry, just 2 km away. Similar to the rest of the ahu, the Tongariki was ravaged at the time in which the clans that battled and rejected ancestral worship. Even though the Tongariki clearly shows fifteen statues, other 17 older moai were discovered at the base. A number of them are still at the site.
Ahu Uri A Urenga
The Uri A Urenga ahu is situated a little further than the airport, to the left of the road to Anakena. It does not catch the attention of much people. Its renewal happened in 1972 under the direction of William Mulloy. Positioned facing the eastern sun, it certainly had a significant role in the Polynesian astronomical calendar. Understand that 1,500 years ago the Polynesians who sailed the enormous ocean in their double canoes went through a route. They made use of maps made from sticks and shells, they figured out the currents and the dates as soon as they changed direction, and most importantly, they understood the celestial map coming from the stars, due to the knowledge they obtained through the observation of the stars, they can determine where to go and the best way to return during any period of the year.