The kidney principally controls elimination of waste products and excessive amount of fluids from the body; hence, healthy kidneys are important for optimum body function. In today’s world, where it’s increasingly becoming quite difficult to escape toxins — from food, from products, and from the environment — healthy kidneys are required for detoxification.

Kidney disorders can heavily bear upon your quality of life but these tips can reduce the chances of developing kidney disease and help maintain a healthy kidney.

Keep fit and active

Keeping fit greatly aids in reducing your blood pressure levels as well as reduces the chances of Chronic Kidney Disease.

Always keep control of your blood sugar level

Most people who have diabetes develop kidney problems hence, it vital for people with diabetes to have frequent tests to examine their kidney functions. Kidney problems from diabetes could very well be reduced or eliminated with early detection. It is also advisable to control blood sugar levels always.

Keep track of your blood pressure

Even though lots of people are informed that high blood pressure could lead to a stroke or heart attack, only a small number know that it is equally the most common cause of kidney problems.

The normal blood pressure level is 120/80. Between this level and 139/89, you are usually deemed prehypertensive and would need to take up lifestyle and dietary changes. At 140/90 and above, it is advisable to talk about the risks with your physician and montior your blood pressure level on a regular basis. High blood pressure is very likely to result in kidney damage when linked to other factors such as diabetes, high cholesterol and Cardio- Vascular Diseases.

Eat healthy and maintain a healthy weight

This can potentially aid the prevention of diabetes, cardiovascular disease as well as other conditions related to Chronic Kidney Disease.

Cut down your salt consumption. The suggested sodium intake is 5-6 grams of salt daily (around a teaspoon). As a way to cut down your salt intake, make an effort to reduce the quantity of processed and restaurant food and never add salt to food. It will be much easier to control your intake if you cook the food yourself with fresh ingredients.

Maintain a healthy fluid intake

While clinical studies have not arrived at an agreement on the perfect volume of water and other fluids we ought to consume everyday to maintain a healthy body, conventional wisdom has long recommended drinking 1.5 to 2 liters (3 to 4 pints) of water on a daily basis.

Taking an abundance of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the entire body system which, consequently, leads to a reduce risk of developing chronic kidney disease.

Researchers however, do not recommend “aggressive fluid loading”, which could lead to side effects, but they proofs that moderately increased water intake, around two litres daily, could greatly reduce the risk of decline in kidney function. It’s worthwhile to understand that the right amount of fluid intake for any person is dependent on a number of factors such as gender, exercise, climate, etc. Additionally, those who already had a kidney stone may need to drink 2 to 3 litres of water on a daily basis to lower the chances of forming a new stone.

Do not smoke

Smoking cigarettes reduces the flow of blood to the kidneys. When a smaller amount of blood reaches the kidneys, it impairs their capacity to function effectively. Smoking also increases the threat of kidney cancer significantly.

Do not take over-the-counter pills frequently

Common drugs like ibuprofen often cause kidney problems if taken on a regular basis. These kinds of medications do not constitute significant danger if your kidneys are quite healthy and  if you use them for emergencies only, however if you are suffering from persistent pain, like arthritis or back pain, talk with your doctor to manage your pain without putting your kidneys in danger.